Hard problem of consciousness pdf

Hard problem of consciousness Wikipedia

Hard problem of consciousness pdf

The Hard Problem of Consciousness Serious Science. 2. # e Easy Problems and the Hard Problem " ere is not just one problem of consciousness. “Consciousness” is an ambig-uous term that refers to many diff erent phenomena. Each of these phenomena FACING UP TO THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS . This is section I.I from the book “The Character of Consciousness” by David Chalmers,, consciousness and the self Download consciousness and the self or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get consciousness and the self book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want..

4th Online Consciousness Conference

Paavo Abstract TSC 2013 Consciousness Free Will. On the correlation/constitution distinction problem (and other hard problems) in the scientific study of consciousness, Why are some problems “easy”, and others “hard”? Professor of Philosophy David Chalmers describes the different views on the problem of consciousness. The hard problem of consciousness is a problem of how physical processes in the brain give rise to the subjective experiences of the mind and of the world. If you look at the brain from.

consciousness and the self Download consciousness and the self or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get consciousness and the self book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Evolutionary Explanation and the Hard Problem of Consciousness

Our consciousness is a fundamental aspect of our existence, says philosopher David Chalmers: “There’s nothing we know about more directly…. but at the same time it’s the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe.” He shares some ways to think about the movie playing in our heads. consciousness? Max Tegmark: Because it forces us into making the question a little bit easier. If you take the famous hard problem of consciousness you articulated, namely why is it that this quark blob has a subjective experience, that feels very

We see hard problems when we make machines to feel the way we feel, not just to recognize and react based on what they are looking at. Instead of cognition, meta-cognition — a sense of knowing that we know. Let’s take a pause and take up the Easy Problem and … 4th Online Consciousness Conference Jennifer Matey, Florida International University Comments on Schier and Carruthers: Dissolving the hard problem of consciousness Conscious mental states are those that there is something it is like to be in. Many have taken the problem of determining how and why there is something it is like to

First, we present the relation between the consciousness by synchrony hypothesis and the visual binding problem. Then, based on empirical evidence, we analyze the limitations of neuronal synchrony to solve both this specific problem and the more general visual consciousness issue. We end by considering a number of additional problems for the View Conciousness.doc from PHILOSOPHY MISC at Laikipia University. Salemink Phil 1011 Assignment 3 November 14, 2013 Chalmers – Consciousness What is Consciousness? Consciousness is …

It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-Г -vis the hard problem. A rereading of facing up to the problem on consciousness: Revista: Discusiones filosГіficas: Base de datos: CLASE: NГєmero de sistema: 000360679: ISSN: 0124-6127: Autors: Chalmers, David J 1

The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how we experience qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are. We point out that the significance of the neurophenomenological approach to the “hard problem” of consciousness is underrated and misunderstood by the authors of the target article (M. KIRCHHOFF & D. HUTTO, "NEVER MIND THE GAP"). In its

May 22, 1996 LBL-38621 Science of Consciousness and the Hard Problem * Henry P. Stapp Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of CaEijornia Berkebey, Cabifornia 94720 Abstract Quantum theory is essentially a rationally coherent theory of the in- teraction of mind and matter, and it … 13/08/2017 · Stuart Hameroff, MD, is a professor of anesthesiology and psychology at the Banner University Medical Center of the University of Arizona in Tucson. He is also co-founder and director of the

It is obvious that drastic modifications in our ways of thinking are needed to solve the hard problem of consciousness. And these ways of thinking will require new non-reductionist scientific methods. In this work a new solution to the hard problem of consciousness is proposed. The solution is based on the concept of elastic membrane introduced Perhaps no aspect of mind is more familiar or more puzzling than consciousness and our conscious experience of self and world. The problem of consciousness is arguably the central issue in current theorizing about the mind. Despite the lack of any agreed upon theory of consciousness, there is a widespread, if less than universal, consensus that

• Hard problem vs easy problems of consciousness • How can a scientist contribute to the hard problem of consciousness? Recent History • In the last twenty years, numerous scientific theories of consciousness have been put forward • Some relatively reductionist: • e.g. neuronal global workspace theory • Some relatively nonreductionist • e.g. information integration theory g a red apple Sentience is considered the hard problem of consciousness and is from ARTS 101 at Wilfred Laurier University

Why are some problems “easy”, and others “hard”? Professor of Philosophy David Chalmers describes the different views on the problem of consciousness. The hard problem of consciousness is a problem of how physical processes in the brain give rise to the subjective experiences of the mind and of the world. If you look at the brain from 18/03/2014 · The hard problem of consciousness has been often claimed to be unsolvable by the methods of traditional empirical sciences. It has been argued that all the objects of empirical sciences can be fully analyzed in structural terms but that consciousness is (or has) something over …

To make progress on the problem of consciousness, we have to confront it directly. In this paper, I first isolate the truly hard part of the problem, separating it from more tractable parts and Gustav Fechner, the German experimental psychologist, coined the term psychophysics in 1860, publishing the first mathematical equation to model human consciousness. Fechner assumed that any future approaches to consciousness would include

On Chalmers view the most likely solution to the hard problem of consciousness from PSC 113 at University of California, Davis 21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a

On Chalmers view the most likely solution to the hard problem of consciousness from PSC 113 at University of California, Davis It is obvious that drastic modifications in our ways of thinking are needed to solve the hard problem of consciousness. And these ways of thinking will require new non-reductionist scientific methods. In this work a new solution to the hard problem of consciousness is proposed. The solution is based on the concept of elastic membrane introduced

Paavo Abstract TSC 2013 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Abstract for conference TSC2013 I am also attributing the generating of consciousness to neuronal processes that occur in that space (matter causing mind; the hard problem). I believe it is a mistake to do this, to say that neuronal processes Zgenerate [ consciousness. This mistake gives rise to the hard problem, which derives from our conflation of matter (solidity,

Artificial Intelligence and The Hard Problems of Consciousness. On the correlation/constitution distinction problem (and other hard problems) in the scientific study of consciousness, To make progress on the problem of consciousness, we have to confront it directly. In this paper, I first isolate the truly hard part of the problem, separating it from more tractable parts and.

Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness

Hard problem of consciousness pdf

Hard problem of consciousness Wikipedia. In Actual Consciousness, Ted Honderich sets out to supersede dualisms, objective physicalisms, abstract functionalism, externalisms, and other positions in the debate. He argues that the theory ofActualism, right or wrong, is unprecedented, in nine ways. (1) It begins from gathered data and proceeds to an adequate initial clarification of, It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-Г -vis the hard problem..

Hard problem of consciousness pdf

A NEUROPSYCHOANALYTICAL APPROACH TO THE HARD. First, we present the relation between the consciousness by synchrony hypothesis and the visual binding problem. Then, based on empirical evidence, we analyze the limitations of neuronal synchrony to solve both this specific problem and the more general visual consciousness issue. We end by considering a number of additional problems for the, Evolutionary Explanation and the Hard Problem of Consciousness.

Actual Consciousness Ted Honderich 9780191023866

Hard problem of consciousness pdf

(PDF) Consciousness and The Hard Problem A Hypothesis. 13/08/2017 · Stuart Hameroff, MD, is a professor of anesthesiology and psychology at the Banner University Medical Center of the University of Arizona in Tucson. He is also co-founder and director of the https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Probl%C3%A8me_difficile_de_la_conscience We see hard problems when we make machines to feel the way we feel, not just to recognize and react based on what they are looking at. Instead of cognition, meta-cognition — a sense of knowing that we know. Let’s take a pause and take up the Easy Problem and ….

Hard problem of consciousness pdf

  • What Is The Hard Problem Of Consciousness Philosophy Essay
  • A critical assessment of the consciousness by synchrony

  • View Conciousness.doc from PHILOSOPHY MISC at Laikipia University. Salemink Phil 1011 Assignment 3 November 14, 2013 Chalmers – Consciousness What is Consciousness? Consciousness is … Paavo Abstract TSC 2013 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Abstract for conference TSC2013

    A rereading of facing up to the problem on consciousness: Revista: Discusiones filosóficas: Base de datos: CLASE: Número de sistema: 000360679: ISSN: 0124-6127: Autors: Chalmers, David J 1 21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a

    Why are some problems “easy”, and others “hard”? Professor of Philosophy David Chalmers describes the different views on the problem of consciousness. The hard problem of consciousness is a problem of how physical processes in the brain give rise to the subjective experiences of the mind and of the world. If you look at the brain from It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-à-vis the hard problem.

    Our consciousness is a fundamental aspect of our existence, says philosopher David Chalmers: “There’s nothing we know about more directly…. but at the same time it’s the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe.” He shares some ways to think about the movie playing in our heads. We point out that the significance of the neurophenomenological approach to the “hard problem” of consciousness is underrated and misunderstood by the authors of the target article (M. KIRCHHOFF & D. HUTTO, "NEVER MIND THE GAP"). In its

    I Can't Get No (Epistemic) Satisfaction: Why the Hard Problem of Consciousness Entails a Hard Problem of Explanation. Brian D. Earp - 2012 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 5 (1):14-20. 4th Online Consciousness Conference Jennifer Matey, Florida International University Comments on Schier and Carruthers: Dissolving the hard problem of consciousness Conscious mental states are those that there is something it is like to be in. Many have taken the problem of determining how and why there is something it is like to

    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how and why sentient organisms have qualia or phenomenal experiences—how and why it is that some internal states are felt states, such as heat or pain, rather than unfelt states, as in a thermostat or a toaster. The philosopher David Chalmers, who introduced the term "hard problem" of consciousness, contrasts this with the "easy A rereading of facing up to the problem on consciousness: Revista: Discusiones filosóficas: Base de datos: CLASE: Número de sistema: 000360679: ISSN: 0124-6127: Autors: Chalmers, David J 1

    A rereading of facing up to the problem on consciousness: Revista: Discusiones filosГіficas: Base de datos: CLASE: NГєmero de sistema: 000360679: ISSN: 0124-6127: Autors: Chalmers, David J 1 consciousness? Max Tegmark: Because it forces us into making the question a little bit easier. If you take the famous hard problem of consciousness you articulated, namely why is it that this quark blob has a subjective experience, that feels very

    David J. Chalmers The hard problem of consciousness

    Hard problem of consciousness pdf

    What Is The Hard Problem Of Consciousness Philosophy Essay. It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-Г -vis the hard problem., Paavo Abstract TSC 2013 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Abstract for conference TSC2013.

    The Meta-Problem of Consciousness PhilPapers

    Can quantum physics help solve the hard problem of. The meta-problem of consciousness is (to a first approximation) the problem of explaining why we think that there is a problem of consciousness.1 Just as metacognition is cognition about cognition, and a meta-theory is a theory about theories, the meta-problem is a problem about a problem. The initial problem is the hard problem of consciousness: why and how do physical processes in the brain, • Hard problem vs easy problems of consciousness • How can a scientist contribute to the hard problem of consciousness? Recent History • In the last twenty years, numerous scientific theories of consciousness have been put forward • Some relatively reductionist: • e.g. neuronal global workspace theory • Some relatively nonreductionist • e.g. information integration theory.

    the “easy” problems of consciousness: how does the brain process environmental stimu-lation? how does it integrate information? how do we produce reports on internal states? These are important questions, but to answer them is not to solve the hard problem: why ix May 22, 1996 LBL-38621 Science of Consciousness and the Hard Problem * Henry P. Stapp Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of CaEijornia Berkebey, Cabifornia 94720 Abstract Quantum theory is essentially a rationally coherent theory of the in- teraction of mind and matter, and it …

    It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-Г -vis the hard problem. Paavo Abstract TSC 2013 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Abstract for conference TSC2013

    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how and why sentient organisms have qualia or phenomenal experiences—how and why it is that some internal states are felt states, such as heat or pain, rather than unfelt states, as in a thermostat or a toaster. The philosopher David Chalmers, who introduced the term "hard problem" of consciousness, contrasts this with the "easy 21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a

    21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-à-vis the hard problem.

    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how we experience qualia or phenomenal experiences, such as seeing, hearing, and feeling, and knowing what they are. 01/12/2017В В· Sample records for observed decadal variability The pyranometers used to measure Rsdif had a strong sensitivity drift problem, which introduced a spurious decreasing trend into the observed Rsdif and Rs data, whereas the observed Rsdir did not suffer from this sensitivity drift problem. From 1990 to 1993, instruments and measurement methods were replaced and measuring stations were

    Our consciousness is a fundamental aspect of our existence, says philosopher David Chalmers: “There’s nothing we know about more directly…. but at the same time it’s the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe.” He shares some ways to think about the movie playing in our heads. consciousness, technology, and many other things. AMA. DAVIDCHALMERS R/SCIENCE I'm a philosopher at New York University and the Australian National University. I'm interested in consciousness: e.g. the hard problem (see also this TED talk, the science of consciousness, zombies, and panpsychism. Lately I've been thinking a lot about the

    We see hard problems when we make machines to feel the way we feel, not just to recognize and react based on what they are looking at. Instead of cognition, meta-cognition — a sense of knowing that we know. Let’s take a pause and take up the Easy Problem and … The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how and why sentient organisms have qualia or phenomenal experiences—how and why it is that some internal states are felt states, such as heat or pain, rather than unfelt states, as in a thermostat or a toaster. The philosopher David Chalmers, who introduced the term "hard problem" of consciousness, contrasts this with the "easy

    May 22, 1996 LBL-38621 Science of Consciousness and the Hard Problem * Henry P. Stapp Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of CaEijornia Berkebey, Cabifornia 94720 Abstract Quantum theory is essentially a rationally coherent theory of the in- teraction of mind and matter, and it … First, we present the relation between the consciousness by synchrony hypothesis and the visual binding problem. Then, based on empirical evidence, we analyze the limitations of neuronal synchrony to solve both this specific problem and the more general visual consciousness issue. We end by considering a number of additional problems for the

    consciousness? Max Tegmark: Because it forces us into making the question a little bit easier. If you take the famous hard problem of consciousness you articulated, namely why is it that this quark blob has a subjective experience, that feels very Gustav Fechner, the German experimental psychologist, coined the term psychophysics in 1860, publishing the first mathematical equation to model human consciousness. Fechner assumed that any future approaches to consciousness would include

    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how and why sentient organisms have qualia or phenomenal experiences—how and why it is that some internal states are felt states, such as heat or pain, rather than unfelt states, as in a thermostat or a toaster. The philosopher David Chalmers, who introduced the term "hard problem" of consciousness, contrasts this with the "easy I Can't Get No (Epistemic) Satisfaction: Why the Hard Problem of Consciousness Entails a Hard Problem of Explanation. Brian D. Earp - 2012 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 5 (1):14-20.

    21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a On Chalmers view the most likely solution to the hard problem of consciousness from PSC 113 at University of California, Davis

    01/12/2017 · Sample records for observed decadal variability The pyranometers used to measure Rsdif had a strong sensitivity drift problem, which introduced a spurious decreasing trend into the observed Rsdif and Rs data, whereas the observed Rsdir did not suffer from this sensitivity drift problem. From 1990 to 1993, instruments and measurement methods were replaced and measuring stations were It is phenomenal, and not cognitive consciousness that comprises what David Chalmers calls the “Hard Problem” for science. The concept of cognitive consciousness is the concept of something that fulfills a certain role. It might take many years of painstaking research to figure out what neural configurations and

    The biggest problem in science Easy problem unity of consciousness Hard problem from UGFN 1000 at The Chinese University of Hong Kong 4th Online Consciousness Conference Jennifer Matey, Florida International University Comments on Schier and Carruthers: Dissolving the hard problem of consciousness Conscious mental states are those that there is something it is like to be in. Many have taken the problem of determining how and why there is something it is like to

    WHY SHOULD WE STUDY EXPERIENCE MORE SYSTEMATICALLY. g a red apple Sentience is considered the hard problem of consciousness and is from ARTS 101 at Wilfred Laurier University, May 22, 1996 LBL-38621 Science of Consciousness and the Hard Problem * Henry P. Stapp Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of CaEijornia Berkebey, Cabifornia 94720 Abstract Quantum theory is essentially a rationally coherent theory of the in- teraction of mind and matter, and it ….

    What Is The Hard Problem Of Consciousness Philosophy Essay

    Hard problem of consciousness pdf

    The Character of Consciousness (Philosophy of Mind). We point out that the significance of the neurophenomenological approach to the “hard problem” of consciousness is underrated and misunderstood by the authors of the target article (M. KIRCHHOFF & D. HUTTO, "NEVER MIND THE GAP"). In its, On the correlation/constitution distinction problem (and other hard problems) in the scientific study of consciousness.

    The Hard Problem of Consciousness Serious Science. We point out that the significance of the neurophenomenological approach to the “hard problem” of consciousness is underrated and misunderstood by the authors of the target article (M. KIRCHHOFF & D. HUTTO, "NEVER MIND THE GAP"). In its, I am also attributing the generating of consciousness to neuronal processes that occur in that space (matter causing mind; the hard problem). I believe it is a mistake to do this, to say that neuronal processes Zgenerate [ consciousness. This mistake gives rise to the hard problem, which derives from our conflation of matter (solidity,.

    Physics of Consciousness Max Tegmark

    Hard problem of consciousness pdf

    4th Online Consciousness Conference. 13/08/2017 · Stuart Hameroff, MD, is a professor of anesthesiology and psychology at the Banner University Medical Center of the University of Arizona in Tucson. He is also co-founder and director of the https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_test • Hard problem vs easy problems of consciousness • How can a scientist contribute to the hard problem of consciousness? Recent History • In the last twenty years, numerous scientific theories of consciousness have been put forward • Some relatively reductionist: • e.g. neuronal global workspace theory • Some relatively nonreductionist • e.g. information integration theory.

    Hard problem of consciousness pdf


    21/02/2017 · The Hard Problem of Consciousness, as defined by Chalmers, holds such sway in the study of consciousness that it is often taken as synonym for “the problem of consciousness”, at least for that really interesting kind of consciousness: phenomenal consciousness. Chalmers has not been alone in advocating the view that consciousness poses a 13/08/2017 · Stuart Hameroff, MD, is a professor of anesthesiology and psychology at the Banner University Medical Center of the University of Arizona in Tucson. He is also co-founder and director of the

    Perhaps no aspect of mind is more familiar or more puzzling than consciousness and our conscious experience of self and world. The problem of consciousness is arguably the central issue in current theorizing about the mind. Despite the lack of any agreed upon theory of consciousness, there is a widespread, if less than universal, consensus that consciousness and the self Download consciousness and the self or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get consciousness and the self book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

    g a red apple Sentience is considered the hard problem of consciousness and is from ARTS 101 at Wilfred Laurier University It is obvious that drastic modifications in our ways of thinking are needed to solve the hard problem of consciousness. And these ways of thinking will require new non-reductionist scientific methods. In this work a new solution to the hard problem of consciousness is proposed. The solution is based on the concept of elastic membrane introduced

    problem is intractable, and that no good explanation can be given. To make progress on the problem of consciousness, we have to confront it directly. In this paper, I first isolate the truly hard part of the problem, separating it from more tractable parts and giving an account of why it is so difficult to explain. I critique some recent work 2. # e Easy Problems and the Hard Problem " ere is not just one problem of consciousness. “Consciousness” is an ambig-uous term that refers to many diff erent phenomena. Each of these phenomena FACING UP TO THE PROBLEM OF CONSCIOUSNESS . This is section I.I from the book “The Character of Consciousness” by David Chalmers,

    Consciousness, Philosophical Issues about I. The Hard Problem II View PDF Introduction to Consciousness Studies View PDF Vicissitudes of Consciousness, Varieties of Correlates View PDF Consciousness, Theories of View PDF Virtual Machines and Consciousness View PDF Mental representation and the subjectivity of consciousness View PDF 1 We point out that the significance of the neurophenomenological approach to the “hard problem” of consciousness is underrated and misunderstood by the authors of the target article (M. KIRCHHOFF & D. HUTTO, "NEVER MIND THE GAP"). In its

    18/03/2014 · The hard problem of consciousness has been often claimed to be unsolvable by the methods of traditional empirical sciences. It has been argued that all the objects of empirical sciences can be fully analyzed in structural terms but that consciousness is (or has) something over … the “easy” problems of consciousness: how does the brain process environmental stimu-lation? how does it integrate information? how do we produce reports on internal states? These are important questions, but to answer them is not to solve the hard problem: why ix

    Hard problem of consciousness pdf

    First, we present the relation between the consciousness by synchrony hypothesis and the visual binding problem. Then, based on empirical evidence, we analyze the limitations of neuronal synchrony to solve both this specific problem and the more general visual consciousness issue. We end by considering a number of additional problems for the It also acknowledges that there is a hard problem, contra eliminative materialism (Churchland, 1983; Dennett, 1991) and related reductive physicalist accounts of consciousness. Despite these merits, however, at its present stage of development, property dualism exhibits a significant explanatory shortcoming vis-Г -vis the hard problem.